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Punjabi is spoken by immigrants who migrated to USA, Canada, U.K., Australia and Singapore. Punjabi is also spoken as a minority language in several other countries where Punjabi people have emigrated in large numbers, such as the United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, and Canada, where it is the fourth-most-commonly used language. The Punjabi language is famous for its rich literature of, Software are available for Punjabi language for almost all platforms. "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike". It is the language of two groups: the Sikhs of East Punjab in India (who use Sanskritised script), and the Punjabis of West Punjab in Pakistan (who use Persianised script). In Pakistan, Punjabi Muslims use Shahmukhi, a variant of the Perso-Arabic script and closely related to the Urdu alphabet. Punjabi is the predominantly spoken language in the Punjab province of Pakistan (and the most widely spoken language in Pakistan according to the CIA factbook), although it has no official status there, and both Ur… The Majha region consists of several eastern districts of Pakistani Punjab and in India around Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Pathankot and Tarn Taran districts. Regions it is presently spoken in include the Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur and Kapurthala districts in Indian Punjab, specifically in the areas known as the Dona and Manjki, as well as the Toba Tek Singh and Faisalabad districts in Pakistan Punjab where the dialect is known as Faisalabadi Punjabi. The phonemic status of the fricatives /f z x ɣ/ varies with familiarity with Hindustani norms, with the pairs /f pʰ/, /z d͡ʒ/, /x kʰ/, and /ɣ g/ systematically distinguished in educated speech. It is the first language of about 130 million people, and is the 10th most spoken language in the world. Muenchen: LINCOM EUROPA. About Punjabi language: Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 102 million native speakers worldwide, making it the 10th most widely spoken language in the world. West of Chenab River in Jhang District of Pakistani Punjab, the dialect of Jhangochi merges with Thalochi and resultant dialect is Chenavari, which derives its name from the river. , Punjabi distinguishes two genders, two numbers, and five cases of direct, oblique, vocative, ablative, and locative/instrumental. It is the 11th most widely spoken language in India, and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent. Parts of Fatehgarh Sahib district, and parts of Patiala districts like Rajpura are also part of Puadh. The old British spelling “Punjabi” remains in more common general usage than the academically precise “Panjabi.”. It is the twenty-sixth most spoken language in the United States, and tenth in Australia.. The Punjab in India publishes more than two dozen Punjabi language newspapers. Article 251 of the Constitution of Pakistan declares that these two languages would be the only official languages at the national level, while provincial governments would be allowed to make provisions for the use of other languages. The Punjabi philistines cannot be pardoned for the contempt they have for their mother language that has a glorious literary tradition starting from the 11th century onward. Urdu Waxes, Punjabi Wanes. One of the five, the Beas River, is a tributary of another, the Sutlej. Yes, no one can beat Punjabis in this specific field. In the Punjab province of Pakistan, the script that is most used is Shahmukhī. Romance film based on Punjabi epic love story Sohni Mahiwal: Music by Hassan Latif Lilak and film song lyrics by Hazin Qadri. Punjabi is spoken as a native language by about 33 million people in India. Punjabi is the provincial language in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. ) However, a recent acoustic study of six Punjabi speakers in the United States found no evidence of a separate falling tone following a medial consonant. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language. Languages of Pakistan Languages of Pakistan Punjabi پنجابی, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ (Pañjābī) Spoken in: Pakistan and India. In Pakistan, Punjabi is generally written using the Shahmukhī script, created from a modification of the Persian Nastaʿlīq script. The ablative occurs only in the singular, in free variation with oblique case plus ablative postposition, and the locative/instrumental is usually confined to set adverbial expressions. Pakistani Punjabi also has a lot of dialects like other languages of the India and World. Chopra, R. M., Perso-Arabic Words in Punjabi, in: Indo-Iranica Vol.53 (1–4). Later in northern India Paishachi Prakrit gave rise to Paishachi Aparbhsha, a descendant of Prakrit. :37 There are also claims of state apathy towards the language in non-Punjabi majority areas like Haryana and Delhi.. It is spoken in Punjab, the historic region now divided between India and Pakistan. In Canada, it is the fifth most-spoken native language. lok giṇtī de nāḷ karācī tõ bāad lahaur dūjā sáb tõ vaḍḍā šáir ài. Punjabi has many dialects. , The use of Urdu and English as the near exclusive languages of broadcasting, the public sector, and formal education have led some to fear that Punjabi in Pakistan is being relegated to a low-status language and that it is being denied an environment where it can flourish. A popular TV show features Punjabi speakers being taught the correct pronunciation of Urdu, not very different from the racism seen in the British show Mind Your Language … Punjabi can be subdivided into two varieties, Eastern Punjabi in both India and Pakistan, and Western The Punjabi language has many different dialects, spoken in the different sub-regions of greater Punjab. lahaur rāvī dariā de káṇḍè te vasdā ài. Malwa is the southern and central part of present-day Indian Punjab. Ambala, Panchkula etc. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the eleventh -most widely spoken in India and spoken Punjabi diaspora in various countries. In addition to being a national language, Urdu is also a symbol of the Muslims as well as the lingua franca (or common language) of the country.  In India, Punjabi is spoken as a native language by 3% of the population. In Pakistan, Punjabi loans technical words from Persian and Arabic languages, just like Urdu does.  Most parts of the Guru Granth Sahib use the Punjabi language written in Gurmukhī, though Punjabi is not the only language used in Sikh scriptures. "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi". University of the Punjab (2015), "B.A. , Punjabi developed from the ancient language of Sanskrit just like many other modern Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Urdu and Marathi. Being one of the widely spoken languages in the world,Punjabi is the official language of the Indian State of Punjab and the shared State Capital Chandigarh. The British Empire employed Urdu in its administration of North-Central and Northwestern India, while in the North-East of India, Bengali language was used as the language of administration. Lahore is Pakistan's political, cultural, and educational hub, and so it is also said to be the heart of Pakistan. Jatki or Jangli is a dialect of native tribes of areas whose names are often suffixed with Bar derived from Jungle Bar before irrigation system arrived in the start of the 20th century, for example, Sandal Bar, Kirana Bar, Neeli Bar, Ganji Bar. Punjabi language is not only spoken in Pakistan and India but it is also spoken in the countries like Canada, United Kingdom, United States of America and all other countries wherever Punjabi is unusual among this group for being a tonal language.. Punjabi, one of the Indo-Aryan languages of the Indo-European language family, is divided into Maji, Doabi, Malwai, Powadi, Rathi, and Bhatiani dialects. When Pakistan was created in 1947, although Punjabi was the majority language in West Pakistan and Bengali the majority in East Pakistan and Pakistan as whole, English and Urdu were chosen as the national languages. State language of a country is like a standard time formation for uniformity only Like all other languages Punjabi is also a beautiful language respected by Punjabi & non Punjabi alike. Sri Lanka: Polgasowita: Sikuru Prakasakayo. , Punjabi has a canonical word order of SOV (subject–object–verb). Eastern Punjabi is one of the 22 official languages and 14 regional languages of India.  Pupils in secondary schools can choose the language as an elective, while Punjabi instruction or study remains rare in higher education. This preference for the English language and education is also seen in India. It is additional official in Haryana and Delhi. [dubious – discuss], There are vibrant Punjabi language movie and news industries in India, however Punjabi serials have had a much smaller presence within the last few decades in television due to market forces. Its population is close to ten million people. Punjabi official language based on the Majhi. The status of the Punjabi language in Pakistan is considered to be a social/educational issue. , The Gurmukhi script which was developed in the 16th century has separate letters for voiced aspirated sounds, so it is thought that the change in pronunciation of the consonants and development of tones may have taken place since that time. The Majhi dialect originated in the Majha region of the Punjab. The scenic vistas create the perfect backdrop for the beautiful cities.  Additionally, several thousand Punjabis gather in Lahore every year on International Mother Language Day. But first we need to know what the role of Articles is in the structure of the grammar in Punjabi. In the cities, people use a very sweet Punjabi accent. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Punjabi language. Pakistani Punjabi also has a lot of dialects like other languages of the India and World. I created "Learn Punjabi Language : Punjabi vocabulary and Speaking" course to make learning Punjabi easier. The earliest Punjabi literature is found in the fragments of writings of the 11th century Nath yogis Gorakshanath and Charpatnah which is primarily spiritual and mystical in tone. 1969. , The three retroflex consonants /ɳ ɽ ɭ/ do not occur initially, and the nasals /ŋ ɲ/ occur only as allophones of /n/ in clusters with velars and palatals. Prior to rummaging through the galaxy of slangs in the Punjabi language, “slang” has to be understood first. Upon the inflectional case is built a system of particles known as postpositions, which parallel English's prepositions. After independence of Pakistan and India Najm Hossein Syed, Fakhar Zaman and Afzal Ahsan Randhawa, Shafqat Tanvir Mirza, Ahmad Salim, and Najm Hosain Syed, Munir Niazi, Pir Hadi Abdul Mannan enriched Punjabi literature in Pakistan, whereas Jaswant Singh Kanwal (1919–2020), Amrita Pritam (1919–2005), Jaswant Singh Rahi (1930–1996), Shiv Kumar Batalvi (1936–1973), Surjit Patar (1944–) and Pash (1950–1988) are some of the more prominent poets and writers from India. Its name is derived from former Shahpur District (now Shahpur Tehsil, being part of Sargodha District). While indian punjabi speakers are only 28 million. Two-Year (Pass Course) Examinations", "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". It is the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region of Pakistan and India. The British education system, which the Pakistani state subsequently inherited, instilled this inferiority complex within the Punjabi speaker. Despite Punjabi's rich literary history, it was not until 1947 that it would be recognised as an official language. In India it is spoken in Amritsar, Tarn Taran Sahib and Gurdaspur districts. Thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals also demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres. The Saraiki, spoken in southern Punjab, and Dogri, spoken in Kashmir, are closely related to Punjabi. Lahore lies on the bank of the Ravi River. lahaur pākistān dā siāsī, rátalī ate paṛā̀ī dā gáṛ ài te ise laī ínū̃ pākistān dā dil vī kihā jāndā ài. Punjabi is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab. Singh, Chander Shekhar (2004). [ləɔːɾᵊ paːkɪstaːniː pənd͡ʒaːbᵊ diː ɾaːd͡ʒᵊtàːni: / daːɾəl hʊkuːmət ɦɛ̀ː ‖ lo:kᵊ ɡɪɳᵊtiː de naːlᵊ kəɾaːt͡ʃiː tõ: baːədᵊ ləɦɔːɾᵊ duːd͡ʒaː sə́bᵊ tõ: ʋəɖːaː ʃəɦɪɾ ɦɛ̀ː ‖ ləɔːɾᵊ paːkɪstaːnᵊ daː sɪaːsiː | ɾə́ɦtəliː əte: pəɽàːiː daː ɡə́ɽ ɦɛ̀ː əte: ɪse: ləiː ɪ́ɦnū̃ paːkɪstaːnᵊ daː dɪlᵊ ʋiː kɪɦaː d͡ʒa:ndaː ɛ̀ː ‖ ləɔːɾᵊ ɾaːʋiː dəɾɪa: de: kə́ɳɖe: te: ʋəsᵊdaː ɛ̀ː ‖ ɪsᵊdiː lo:kᵊ ɡɪɳᵊtiː ɪkːᵊ kəɾo:ɽᵊ de: ne:ɽe: ɛ̀ː ‖]. A language profile for Punjabi, Western. It is spoken by the majority of the population of Pakistan. , Historically, various local Brahmic scripts including Laṇḍā and its descendants were also in use.. Punjabi or Panjabi (پنجابی in Shahmukhi script, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ in Gurmukhi script) is a language spoken by the Punjabis of Pakistan and India. PPI News Agency. This language is spoken in an incredible place that contains every kind of natural landform—waterfalls, snow-capped mountains, deserts, forests—something for everyone! Jammu and Kashmir academy of art, culture and literature, Pilac(Punjab Institute of Language, Art and Culture, Lahore,2004, Bhulay Shah poetry in Punjabi (Shahmukhi script), Munir Niazi poetry in Punjabi (Shahmukhi script), A sign board in Punjabi language along with Hindi at Hanumangarh, Rajasthan, India, Indo-Aryan language spoken in India and Pakistan, Areas of the Indian Subcontinent where Punjabi is natively spoken, British Raj era and post-independence period, ArLaam (similar to ArNoon) has been added to Unicode since Unicode 13.0.0, which can be found in. Punjabi is spoken as a native language by over 44.15% of Pakistanis. , At the federal level, Punjabi has official status via the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution, earned after the Punjabi Suba movement of the 1950s. Punjabi (Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, Shahmukhi: پن٘جابی /pʌnˈdʒɑːbi/; Punjabi pronunciation: [pənˈdʒaːbːi]; sometimes spelled Panjabi) is an Indo-Aryan language with more than 125 million native speakers in the Indian subcontinent and around the world. There were 76 million Punjabi speakers in Pakistan in 2008. Facts and figures show that Punjabi language is spoken as first language by 44% of Pakistanis. It is spoken as a first language by almost 39% of Pakistanis, mostly in Punjab. "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", Muslim conquests on the Indian subcontinent, Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution, List of Indian languages by total speakers, Hindi-to-Punjabi Machine Translation System, "Punjab mandates all signage in Punjabi, in Gurmukhi script", "All milestones, signboards in Haryana to bear info in English, Hindi and Punjabi: Education Minister", "Punjabi, Urdu made official languages in Delhi - Delhi News", https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/2011-census-top-20-languages-1563629, Hindi is the top Indian language spoken in Australia, "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases, and of Kindred Terms, Etymological, Historical, Geographical and Discursive", "A Practical Sanskrit Dictionary with Transliteration, Accentuation, and Etymological Analysis Throughout", https://books.google.com/books?id=gqIbJz7vMn0C&pg=PA166&dq=punjabi+prakrit+language&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwie9PGZnrzQAhXMtI8KHay-AfwQ6AEIKTAD#v=onepage&q=punjabi%20prakrit%20language&f=false, "Growth of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001", "Punjabi is 4th most spoken language in Canada", Pakistan 1998 census – Population by mother tongue, "US survey puts Punjabi speakers in US at 2.8 lakh", "The Art and Culture of the Diaspora | Mother Tongue: The Many Dialects of Punjabi", "Punjabi Tonemics and the Gurmukhi Script: A Preliminary Study".  It is also the fifth most-spoken native language in Canada after English, French, Mandarin and Cantonese.  In 2012, it was also made additional official language of West Bengal in areas where the population exceeds 10% of a particular block, sub-division or district. Moreover, many Indian and Pakistani Punjabi origin families are settled abroad. There is some mutual understanding with Indian Pakistani although interestingly they both use different scripts. It is the first official language of the Indian State of Punjab. This sample text was taken from the Punjabi Wikipedia article on Lahore. The Punjabi language is not given official national recognition in Pakistan; rather it is considered a provincial language of Punjab. One notable example is the teaching of Punjabi language and literature by the University of the Punjab in Lahore which began in 1970 with the establishment of its Punjabi Department. Native people called their dialect as Jatki instead of Jangli. Among them all, Urdu is the national language with a huge portion of speakers at 75%.
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